The Ultimate Guide: Decorate Your Exteriors through Plastering
Most of you overlook the exterior part (walls) of your home, which bear all the tortures of wind, dirt, snow, etc. You are so busy decorating your bedroom walls and living room’s ceiling and often forget about the exteriors. However, it only needs a fine plaster finish.
Generally, many prefer simple smooth wall finishes for their home so that they can easily apply color on it. But dear newbies, there are many other types too, which are trending in 2020. It will help you to give your home a perfect look, also setting the right mood for every occasion.
So, without wasting a moment, let’s take the tour of different types of plaster finishes. After that, we would also give you a step-to-step guide on plastering. In case you’re planning to revamp your walls, then this will be handy information for you.
Different Types of Plaster Finishes:
1. Sand Faced Finish:
With the combination of the cement and sand, this sand faced finish serves as a water-proof coat on masonry. Professionals apply two coats to get the zig-zing lines. In the second coat, they use a sponge or machine when it is wet to expose sand grains to get the required effect. You’ll get 20mm thickness (which is more than the smooth plaster), and it will help you to fight against the fire.
As the surface will be evenly rough, it will provide a perfect aesthetic look to your home. But you will require more skilled professionals for this work. Talking about its other advantages, it’s highly-insulative and durable, and you’ll face fewer cracks on it.
Due to its rough texture, there is a possibility of fungus development. Also, generally, it is used for external surfaces only as it may give injuries to children.
2. Pebble Dash Finish:
The late 60’s and 70’s trend is back into fashion. A large number of homeowners are rushing towards the jagged little stones for their walls. It is a type of wall-covering used on exterior walls. For this, professionals apply two coats of a lime and sand base and then press pebbles into it. You have all the freedom to choose the style and colour for pebble dashing.
The best part of this finish is that it requires less maintenance. Additionally, it will rarely get damaged by weather or other elements due to its hard-wearing feature. The only drawback of this is high cost during installation (it would be worth it though!) as you’ll need experts for this. Its variety of options and exotic look make it a popular choice amongst many homeowners.
3. Rough Cast Finish:
Roughcast finish, also known as spatter dash finish, is an aggregate of cement and sand. The number of layers of coating can vary from 1 to 3 layers. Professionals make it with 1 part of cement and 1.5 coarse of sand, and then they throw the mixture on the plastered walls with a large trowel. You’ll get a roughly finished surfaced using a wooden float.
It would be best if you’ll restrict to external surfaces only due to its roughness texture. With roughcast finish, you can pack all your worries in a bag and throw it in any sea. It is because the finish is water-proof, durable, and resistant to crazing and cracking. Also, the roughness of the spatter dash will improve adhesion by providing a powerful key for the plaster to grip.
So, you can enhance the appearance of your home with this decorative finish and enjoy its benefits.
4. Scrapped Finish:
When you have a plastered wall, you’ve various options to enhance the décor. And the application of scrapped finish is one of those choices. Masons apply a coat of 6 to 12 mm thickness to obtain the scrapped effect. After it dries, they use the steel blade or old saw to get the proper finish. They scrape the surface in a pattern of your choice for a depth of 3 mm.
The scrapped finish will not only protect your exterior walls from rainwater and other disasters but will also standstill for years. Apart from this, you don’t have to worry about dirtiness on it as its total pollution-free.
5. De-peter Plaster Finish:
It is another form of rough plaster finish and quite similar to a pebble dash finish. The only difference is, in de-peter one, pieces of gravel or flints are used instead of pebbles. But it looks as aesthetic as pebble dash finish. Professionals press in the bits of gravels on the surface with the help of their hands.
De-peter’s several beautiful patterns and ornamental designs make them stand out the most. Its advantages are not yet over! When installed at the exteriors of your home, it will automatically increase the resale value of your property, adding a big smile on your guests’ faces. Apart from its look, it is of low-maintenance, that means invest today and enjoy for years!
6. Textured Plaster Finish:
It is an ideal way to conceal flaws and blemishes that may exist in your walls. If you can’t achieve the smooth walls, then why not to go rough? You will obtain the textured plaster finish from the stucco plastering in which you can get different shapes using the special tools.
The additional layer of the textured plaster finish helps act as soundproofing insulation. It will lessen the noise bleeding between the two rooms. When added with primary colours, your walls will look like a million bucks. Additionally, investing in this finish will increase the value of your home.
Though plastering walls is a specialist job, sometimes you can also solve some of your wall issues by yourself. Yes, before that, you need to learn some common plastering problems (and what causes them) to be aware of it in advance. Moreover, for the above different types of plaster finishes, you’ll need professionals. So, don’t try to do it yourself. However, let’s come back to the point and read the steps on how to plaster your walls.
Step-to-step guide for plastering your walls:
Collect the right tools:
You can do the job properly if you have the right tools for it. So, collect the below-given tools and start your work with confidence.
- Dust sheets
- Dust mask
- PVA solution
- Hawk board
- Devilling float / old kitchen fork
- Two buckets
- Spray gun
Every DIY (do it yourself) job needs some arrangements. So, lay down a dustsheet before you start working on your walls. It will protect your floors and collect any later debris or plaster spillage. After that, you need to make sure the area you want to plaster is free from dust and loose debris.
Apply Polyvinyl Acetate (PVA):
It will create a strong bond with the bricks helping it to dry out evenly. Hence, you can dilute it in 1:4 ratios (one part of PVA and four of water). After that, roll the mixture onto the wall once the glue gets sticky. You can even follow the manufacturer’s instructions given on the PVA glue’s cover.
Before you get excited about mixing the plaster, we would recommend you wearing a dusk mask to protect your face. Then blend the plaster into cold water and briskly whisk until you get the thick custard. While mixing the plaster, you should make sure that there are no lumps in it.
Are you ready to apply the first coat of plaster on your wall? Take some plaster on the hawk board using the trowel and use float to push the plaster from the hawk on to the wall. Spread the plaster firmly from bottom to top and flatten it at the end of each sweep. You should make sure that you take small amounts of plaster mix each time to ensure a smooth look.
Skim, smooth, and scrape:
After the first application of plaster, wait for 20 minutes to let it dry properly. After that, you can smooth over the plaster with a trowel to get rid of lumps and smooth out the corner areas. Though scraping the surface is optional, you can prefer doing it before adding a second coat. You can use the devilling float or old kitchen fork to scratch the surface.
Apply second coat:
The second and final coat should be of a thinner consistency than the first one. For that, you can mix some water and dilute the plaster mixture. After that, you can make a goal to apply only a 2 mm layer to get the best results. Then leave the wall to dry slightly.
You need to polish up your work once you plaster your wall. At the beginning of the blog, we’ve discussed the different types of plaster finishes, so you can pick any one of them. If that is the case, then you may need an expert for it. Otherwise, you can add water to the surface with the spray gun. Then spray the edges of the plaster and run the trowel over it to smoothen the surface.
Don’t settle for less than the best:
The exterior walls of your home convey a lot about your abode – your lifestyle, hygiene, and aesthetics. Also, they are the first defence against elements like wind, snow, heat, dirt, etc. Hence, you must go for every possible way to maintain its look to a great extent.
You do not need to settle for less than the best. Therefore, find out the best option from the above different types of plaster finishes for your walls. Furthermore, you can also use the above plastering guide if you are looking to improve your exterior walls.
Hi, I am Mike Morleye. As a professional writer, I’m passionate about sharing knowledge of various niches to help people. I put together my writing skills to render a readable, understandable, and appealing blog.